Wednesday, April 8, 2020

WHO Wants to Cross the Rubicon


Mason Dixon Tactical published a prescient post on March 13, 2020, under the title "A Chilling Scenario and Some Valid Questions." In it, he presented the following scenario:
       ... Your neighborhood is quarantined and has been for two weeks. Some guys in Hazmat suits show up and start down your street in a couple humvees along with what appears to be an escort of 4 armed soldiers in MOPP4 protective gear.

         They start at your neighbor’s house across the street and have everyone in that household take, what appears to be, some type of mouth swab test. A young adult male (your neighbor’s adult Son) apparently tests positive and a Hazmat suit tells two soldiers to take him to the waiting military bus. The Dad asks where they are taking his Son and “Hazmat” says, “To the Medical Camp for observation.” but will give no more information when asked again.

       The boy struggles and a soldier buttstrokes him with a rifle, knocking him out. The Dad pulls out a pistol and starts by shooting the soldier who grabbed his boy, then he pops the less than helpful, “Hazmat”. Another soldier drops Dad with two shots to the chest. Knowing they are coming to your house once they get through the other three in the cul de sac, and your Wife has been under the weather for two days, what do you do?
I have to admit that when I first considered the scenario, I thought it was a little over the top. I was wrong. Just the other day, it was reported:
       Last week, Dr. Michael Ryan, a leader at the World Health Organization, announced that in response to the spread of this virus, authorities may have to enter people’s homes and remove family members, presumably by force.

      Dr. Michael Ryan, executive director of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme:  "In most parts of the world, due to lockdown, most of the transmission that’s actually happening in many countries now is happening in the household at a family level. In some senses, the transmission has been taken off the streets and pushed back into family units. Now, we need to go and look in families to find those people who may be sick and remove them and isolate."
If Dr. Ryan's proposal were implemented, then the result would be force. Perhaps not armed groups going from door to door (although as the video below on Rhode Island relates, some places are closer than others to that eventual fate), but if someone refused to cooperate, there would be big men with guns show up to enforce the order.


New "Hump Day Reading List" From Grant Cunningham

Articles on selecting an appropriate buckshot load, protecting yourself while dealing with small children, and warnings about "legal" scams--i.e., scams threatening you with legal action or arrest unless you immediately pay some amount to make the problem go away.

Hmm: "Soros Invested Heavily in Chinese Biotech Research Company with Facility in Wuhan that Researches Respiratory Models and Infectious Disease"

Article at Gateway Pundit. The company is WUXI Pharmatech Caymen, Inc. From the article, "WuXi AppTec, as it is now called, has a facility in Wuhan, China. The company provides validated research including in vitro (HTS, SAR screening support) and in vivo disease models in cardiovascular, respiratory, metabolic and infectious diseases." I had previously linked to an article linking Palpatine George Soros to a company called Gilead Biosciences, which produces the drug Remdesivir which is being touted as a cure to the CCP virus. That means that Soros had connections to labs that could have released the virus, as well as the company marketing a possible cure.

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

A Quick Run Around The Web (4/7/2020)

"Rock Island Armory 1911 Review"--Paul Harrell (15 min.)
He tests the Rock Island model (which is based on the Series 70 design) against his modern Colt 1911 (which is a Series 80 design). (You can read about the differences here). He had about equal performance between the two pistols, but does describe the difference in safety features between the two design series. He also notes that the Rock Island did not like the HST hollow-point bullets, but fed everything else without a problem. That is really not too surprising to me, because HST is from Federal that gave us the Hydra-Shok, and the .45 ACP Hydra-Shok did not play too well with some firearms (I've even had problems with 9 mm Hydra-Shok). From my experience and observations, I think the problem was because of the size of the hollow-point cavity, and its sharp edges, meant it could catch on the roof of the chamber when feeding into the chamber. This could lead to a stoppage and, frequently, severe bullet setback. While not working with one brand of ammunition might be a deal breaker for some, I don't think its that big of an issue: just avoid that ammunition. What isn't clear from the video because Harrell didn't field strip the pistols, was whether the Rock Island used the finger-collet bushing introduced by Colt with the Series 70 or the solid piece bushing that Colt used before and after the Series 70.
  • "3D Printed Glock Backplates from Verex Tactical"--The Firearm Blog. Completely lacking in any practical purpose, but still very cool looking. What would be really awesome would be combining these with the Glock Gadget--that is, if the Gadget offered this type of plate on it.
  • A reader recommends the ThruNite TH20 Neutral White 520 Lumen CREE XP-L LED Headlamp Flashlight (currently $30 at Amazon) because it can use the ubiquitous AA battery. He warns that does not cast the light far enough for an activity like mountain biking where you can fast enough to outrun your light, but is great as a work light or for camping. 
  • "Ammunition supplies: it's a bit late . . ."--Bayou Renaissance Man. Peter Grant notes that demand for ammunition during the coronavirus panic is higher than right after Sandy Hook (which produced the great ammo shortage). He also predicts that this shortage may last just as long. There are a couple reasons to doubt that, in my opinion: first, part of the reason for the long shortage after Sandy Hook is that ammunition companies resisted adding new capacity. Now that extra capacity is there. Second, most regular shooters probably learned from the first panic and probably had a larger stash going into this new panic. 
  • "Why The Fitz?"--Revolver Guy. "Fitz" revolvers were so called after their creator, John Henry Fitzgerald, a New York State Trooper and police firearms instructor with a great deal of experience in handgun combatives. The handguns of the day--the 1930's--were not really designed for urban self-defense. Fitzgerald fixed that by taking the revolvers, bobbing the hammers, cutting the barrels down (while still retaining a sight) and--most distinguishable--removing the front part of the trigger guard to allow use with a gloved hand. The author explains:
        ...These guns had heavy double action triggers. They were being advocated to be shot at close ranges that we describe to day with fancy acronyms and initials. Essentially, the Fitz was meant to be deployed while entangled with an opponent during an attack or robbery.
           It was an era when men wore much different attire. Heavy, organic-fiber overcoats before our fancy synthetics and modern lightweight materials. Gloves were also made from thicker and stiffer materials, and were not like the thin material types we can make today. These guns were designed to be grasped in the pockets with possibly a gloved hand, lifted out by the triggers that had weights in excess of the gun and fired immediately upon clearing the pockets or the garment. Because of the cut triggers they could also be fired inside the pocket even with gloves. This is not like doing this with a modern striker trigger system. John Fitzgerald had leather holsters sewn in his coat pockets for these guns.
    • "POWER FOR YOUR HAM RADIO’S"--American Partisan. Running your radio off a deep cycle battery.
    • Welcome to the fold: "I’m One of Those Anti-Gun People Who Just Bought His First Firearm"--The Truth About Guns. The author describes herself: "I was not only against the ownership of AR-15s, I was in the minority of folks who thought all private gun ownership should be illegal. Fast forward to today: I own a GLOCK 19 Gen5." Good choice. The various forms of "I told you so" responses are counter-productive. We want to keep these new "converts" converted. Converts are often the best proselytizers. 
    • Beans, beans, the magical fruit... "Protein Preps"--Blue Collar Prepping. The author notes that:
      Whereas carbohydrates are a quick-burning fuel that can leave you feeling lethargic a few hours afterwards (aka the infamous "sugar crash") and fats provide a long-term but slow release of energy, protein is the happy medium of energy-producing food . Eating a steady amount of protein throughout the day will not only leave you feeling full and satisfied but also give you the energy needed to perform tasks without crashing out.
        The author then goes on to describe the difference between complete and incomplete protein foods, and has some handy charts on the protein content of different foods.
        • Related: "FGC-9 Released"--Impro Guns. From the description: "The FGC-9 is a 9mm semi automatic firearm which can be made using a $200 3D printer, some hardware store bits, airsoft toy spare parts, and a length of steel tubing for a barrel. It also uses a printable Glock 17 30rd magazine."
        • Sounds more like a trust exercise: "A USEFUL DRILL IS OFFERED"--Massad Ayoob. He calls it the Blind Swordsman Drill, which is literally nothing more than aiming at the target, fully closing both eyes, and then pulling the trigger with the eyes closed. Ayoob explains that it is:
                   ... a method that my students and I have found remarkably effective for improving trigger control.  When you do it, remember to hold the gun on target when you open your eyes: you want to see if the gun is returning naturally to point of aim.  For safety’s sake, always do it with someone there to keep an eye on things.  With your eyes closed, if you’re alone you won’t be able to see of someone or something gets between you and the target, or you and the backstop.
          • A couple articles from Shooting Sports USA on fine-tuning your shooting positions:
                Let's be clear, purchasing a gun is NOT the same as picking up a pizza. 

                The dealer must physically obtain ID, run a background check, observe the buyer. The buyer likely handles several firearms before making a purchasing decision. 
                   The procedure for determining the PF for any load is a simple mathematical formula: Multiply the bullet's weight by its velocity over a chronograph (which will be used at major matches) and divide the resulting figure by 1000.
                    That figure will be the PF for that load, regardless of the caliber. If that figure meets, or exceeds, the required minimum PF for the gun division or game being played it's legal. If not, a shooter can be disqualified from the match.
                The article goes on to discuss the power factor requirements for different competitions, and offers some suggestions on handloads that meet the power factor requirement but with reduced recoil.
                • "How to Think and Act Fast as a Defensive Shooter"--Shooting Illustrated. The title is somewhat of a misnomer. The article discusses the fact that you need to be able to quickly access your gun and put shots downrange ... but not so fast that you fail to identify the target and figure out if he/she poses a threat, and not shoot faster than you can aim. It does not really discuss how you do this, leaving you with only this pithy advice: "... a fellow should divest himself of all unnecessary thought and movements. Learn to quickly spot trouble and have a defensive plan that can be put into practice quickly. Once the shooting starts, time is not your friend."

                       An economy with plenty of liquidity and weeks of pent-up demand ought to bounce back almost as quickly as it sank -- like a big kid on a trampoline. Sharp economic downturns are usually followed by equally sharp recoveries. The 1981-82 and 1991 recessions come to mind.

                      What made the Great Depression and the Great Recession alike were anemic recoveries that took seemingly forever. As I noted back in March [VIP link]:

                When Franklin Delano Roosevelt came into office pledging to end the Great Depression, he and Congress simmered up a party-size bowl of alphabet soup agencies to micromanage the business, wages, prices, and employment. The result? A couple of left-leaning UCLA economists were forced to conclude that FDR's New Deal actually lengthened the Great Depression by seven years.
                Coming into office on the heels of the 2007-08 financial panic (caused in no small part by Washington meddling in the mortgage markets), President Barack Obama indulged in a flurry of lawmaking and micromanagement unseen since FDR. As a result, Obama's recovery was the slowest since FDR's. In some ways -- Washington's addictions to spending and debt are the worst examples -- we're still dealing with the hangover from Obama's reaction to the Great Recession.

                     But back to [St Louis Federal Reserve Bank Chairman James] Bullard on Face the Nation. Asked if there "will be somehow just a switch that flips on and the economy will come back roaring," Bullard said:
                Well, I think it can be done. Whether it will be done depends on execution. I thought Congress did a great thing in passing their bill. I thought it was appropriately sized for this situation. The object is to keep everybody whole during the period when you're asking people to not go to their jobs and not go to the shops and - and basically not participate in the economy.
                      This is no bailout for big banks like we saw during the Great Recession. If anything, Congress is following the Fifth Amendment. The Fifth states that private property cannot "be taken for public use, without just compensation." If your labor isn't your property, then what is? If stopping a pandemic isn't public use, then what is? Relief checks aren't enough in my opinion, but they do represent at least some small amount of compensation for government orders to stay home and not work.

                       And as Bullard noted, "There's nothing wrong with the economy itself. The economy was actually doing quite well going into this health situation." If Washington can manage not to insert itself into the recovery, we ought to get right back to where we were before coronavirus in short order. The Democrat-controlled House is going to have a very strong itch to hobble the economy with a progressive wishlist of crap legislation, but the GOP-held Senate and White House ought to put the kibosh on any such nonsense.
                       “Everyone that has been involved in the H1-B program … has skirted the rules to stay in the United States,” said one lobbyist. “These companies do not want to have to fire these [H-1B] workers and send them back home — they want to hold them here” so they can grab jobs in the recovery, he said.
                          Labor Department officials declined to provide any information about the NASSCOM lobbying and declined to say if the agency would help businesses change the paperwork that allows fired H-1Bs to stay in the United States. The Indian report did not say if the NASSCOM lobbyists met with Labor Secretary Eugene Scalia.
                            As part of our 2019 investigation into the incidents in the Navy’s 7th Fleet, its largest overseas presence, ProPublica found repeated instances of frontline commanders warning superiors of risks the fleet was facing—a lack of training, exhausted crews, deteriorating ships and equipment. Those warnings, all sent through the normal chain of command, were met with indifference.
                             Disaster in the fleet struck in June 2017, after the USS Fitzgerald, a destroyer, collided with a cargo ship in the Sea of Japan. Two months later, a second destroyer, the USS John S. McCain, collided with an oil tanker in the Singapore Strait. The two accidents cost the Navy 17 sailors—the biggest loss of life in maritime collisions in more than 40 years.
                                Navy investigations laid blame on nearly the entire chain of command in the 7th Fleet, punishing commanders and sailors for failing to properly train and equip its crews and ships.
                                 Adm. Joseph Aucoin, the head of the 7th Fleet, was fired. Vice Adm. Thomas Rowden, who oversaw training, was forced from his job. Cmdr. Bryce Benson, captain of the Fitzgerald, was recommended for court-martial.
                                   But ProPublica reported that all three men had repeatedly tried to warn higher-ups of dangerous safety issues in the vaunted fleet, based at Yokosuka, Japan. They argued to their superiors that the Navy was running ships in the 7th Fleet too hard, too fast. Their warnings were dismissed.
                              It raises the same moral dilemma explored in The Caine Mutiny: whether a subordinate is justified in bypassing the chain of command when lives are at risk. 
                              • Related: "Acting Navy Secretary Modly resigns"--Task and Purpose. "Acting Secretary of the Navy Thomas Modly resigned Tuesday after traveling nearly 8,000 miles to Guam to berate thousands of sailors on Monday, later saying he stood 'by every word,' and then subsequently apologizing for the remarks within the span of about eight hours." 
                                       Beijing authorities mobilized the Chinese diaspora to help buy up goods. “Keep on buying while sending back to China [medical supplies], and try your best to buy as much as possible,” read one article posted on the official website of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s United Front Work Department, an agency dedicated to spreading the regime’s agenda inside and outside China. In the West, United Front organizations are usually Chinese student unions at colleges and universities, Chinese chambers of commerce, and Chinese associations.
                                        The United Front encouraged all overseas Chinese to follow in the association’s footsteps to buy up all available medical materials and send them back to China.
                                          The article explained that overseas Chinese in the United States, Canada, UK, Argentina, Australia, United Arab Emirates, and Seychelles have already bought up goods in the tons.
                                           Some overseas Chinese organizations in those countries buy from local manufacturers and major wholesalers directly, such as DuPont. Others buy from whatever retailers they can find, according to the article.
                                             The groups then hired Chinese and international shipping companies to transport the goods, such as FedEx and SF Express. The United Front also encouraged Chinese nationals to purchase goods and transport them in their personal luggage when they travel back to China.
                                                “The best way to counter disinformation, in my opinion, is the good news story that actually exists,” Ortagus said at a virtual panel discussion hosted by the Atlantic Council.
                                                  “We often forget that the American people remain the single most generous bloc of people around the world.”
                                                    Support our independent journalism and donate a 'Coffee' now.
                                                      In early February, U.S. nonprofits and companies donated 17.8 tons of medical supplies to China, a shipment that was facilitated by the State Department.
                                                        The United States’s contributions to international organizations vital to global COVID-19 response efforts have also dwarfed Chinese contributions, Ortagus pointed out.
                                                          For instance, U.S. contributions to the World Health Organization, the body coordinating the global response to the crisis, in 2019 exceeded $400 million, almost double the second largest member state contribution. In contrast, China contributed $44 million, according to a press release by the department.
                                                            “We are by far the largest contributors to organizations like the UN Children’s Fund and the World Food Program because we believe in effective multilateralism that is focused on helping those in need, not scoring political points,” Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in the release.
                                                              The United States also contributed more than $700 million in 2019 to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), another organization providing aid to the Chinese people amid the outbreak. China, meanwhile, contributed $16 million that year.
                                                                Last week, the State Department announced the United States has made available nearly $274 million in emergency health and humanitarian funding to help at-risk countries with responding to the pandemic.
                                                                 When American provides assistance “it does so out of goodwill,” Ortagus said. “There’s no nefarious intentions behind that aid.”
                                                                   Meanwhile, the Chinese regime’s humanitarian efforts in the crisis have recently come under scrutiny as several countries returned faulty medical equipment, such as masks and test kits, purchased from Chinese manufacturers. Others have criticized such measures as a means for Beijing and Chinese businesses to enhance its influence across Europe.
                                                                      This is not the first time that China-made tests for the Chinese coronavirus have proven faulty. Late last month, Spain, the country with the second-highest number of fatalities and the highest number of cases in Europe, bought thousands of faulty antibody testing kits from China’s Shenzhen Bioeasy Biotechnology. Chinese authorities claimed that Spain had purchased the tests, which were EU-certified, from a supplier that was not recommended by the Chinese state.
                                                                       Turkey also found some Chinese testing kits to be substandard, with the margin of error too high and giving false-negatives while the Netherlands recalled 600,000 faulty masks made in China.
                                                                    Congress should pass legislation stripping the Chinese government of sovereign immunity to lawsuits for COVID-19 damage in the United States. China should be stripped of its leadership roles in international organizations. And finally, Taiwan — a nation that has handled the outbreak better than almost any other nation, but has been excluded from the World Health Organization because its membership would offend the Chinese government — deserves membership in WHO, and full diplomatic recognition from the United States, and the rest of the world.
                                                                      China needs to lose its most favored trade status and be kicked out of the WTO.
                                                                      • Earlier, because Africa was so lagging any other continent for outbreaks, there was some discussion of whether Sub-Saharan Africans perhaps had heightened immunity. I certainly posted more than a few articles on the idea. But it appears to have been wrong: "In Chicago, 70% of COVID-19 Deaths Are Black"--WBEZ Chicago. The article observes:
                                                                        The majority of the black COVID-19 patients who died had underlying health conditions including respiratory problems and diabetes. Eighty-one percent of them had hypertension, or high blood pressure, diabetes or both.
                                                                          Black Americans disproportionately suffer from obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure.
                                                                                   As of Friday morning, African Americans made up almost half of Milwaukee County’s 945 cases and 81% of its 27 deaths in a county whose population is 26% black. Milwaukee is one of the few places in the United States that is tracking the racial breakdown of people who have been infected by the novel coronavirus, offering a glimpse at the disproportionate destruction it is inflicting on black communities nationwide.
                                                                                    In Michigan, where the state’s population is 14% black, African Americans made up 35% of cases and 40% of deaths as of Friday morning. Detroit, where a majority of residents are black, has emerged as a hot spot with a high death toll. As has New Orleans. Louisiana has not published case breakdowns by race, but 40% of the state’s deaths have happened in Orleans Parish, where the majority of residents are black.
                                                                                      Illinois and North Carolina are two of the few areas publishing statistics on COVID-19 cases by race, and their data shows a disproportionate number of African Americans were infected.
                                                                                       “It will be unimaginable pretty soon,” said Dr. Celia J. Maxwell, an infectious disease physician and associate dean at Howard University College of Medicine, a school and hospital in Washington dedicated to the education and care of the black community. “And anything that comes around is going to be worse in our patients. Period. Many of our patients have so many problems, but this is kind of like the nail in the coffin.”
                                                                                          A leaked French diplomatic note has claimed that outbreaks of Chinese coronavirus in Africa could lead to the collapse of regimes in various countries across the continent.
                                                                                           Currently, coronavirus cases across Africa remain low in comparison to Europe, North America, and Asia, but experts predict that a severe outbreak of the disease could have catastrophic effects.
                                                                                             The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs diplomatic note, which was obtained by the Agence Ecofin news agency,  states that some African states have health systems that would be “saturated automatically”.
                                                                                               The note goes on to states that elderly African leaders are at serious risk and if they become infected, it could lead to severe political instability in countries ruled by political strongmen.
                                                                                                  The coronavirus pandemic could narrow one gaping inequality in Africa, where some heads of state and other elite jet off to Europe or Asia for health care unavailable in their nations. As countries including their own impose dramatic travel restrictions, they might have to take their chances at home.
                                                                                                   For years, leaders from Benin to Zimbabwe have received medical care abroad while their own poorly funded health systems limp from crisis to crisis. Several presidents, including ones from Nigeria, Malawi and Zambia, have died overseas.
                                                                                                     The practice is so notorious that a South African health minister, Aaron Motsoaledi, a few years ago scolded, “We are the only continent that has its leaders seeking medical services outside the continent, outside our territory. We must be ashamed.”
                                                                                                       Now a wave of global travel restrictions threatens to block that option for a cadre of aging African leaders. More than 30 of Africa’s 57 international airports have closed or severely limited flights, the U.S. State Department says. At times, flight trackers have shown the continent’s skies nearly empty.
                                                                                                                                           If left for too long without being powered down, swathes of data can accumulate in the software and wreak havoc with the information displayed to pilots. 
                                                                                                                                           This could lead to incorrect data on airspeed, altitude and attitude being shown on primary displays, making it harder for pilots to maintain the safe flight and landing of the plane, according to the Federal Aviation Authority (FAA).

                                                                                                                                      Monday, April 6, 2020

                                                                                                                                      Video: "Close Quarters Shotgun Technique"

                                                                                                                                      "Close Quarters Shotgun Technique"--Lucky Gunner (9 min.)

                                                                                                                                      Executive Order on Encouraging International Support for the Recovery and Use of Space Resources

                                                                                                                                      In the long run, this is probably bigger news than the CCP virus. It states, in part: "Americans should have the right to engage in commercial exploration, recovery, and use of resources in outer space, consistent with applicable law. Outer space is a legally and physically unique domain of human activity, and the United States does not view it as a global commons. Accordingly, it shall be the policy of the United States to encourage international support for the public and private recovery and use of resources in outer space, consistent with applicable law." Glenn Reynolds has the full thing at his site.

                                                                                                                                      Looks like Ammo.com has Tula 7.62x39 Ammo in stock

                                                                                                                                      Link here. As of this writing, they have 14 cases.

                                                                                                                                      A Hero? I don't think so.

                                                                                                                                      The Drudge Report is referring to Capt. Brett E. Crozier, the Navy captain who was removed from command of the CCP virus-stricken aircraft carrier U.S.S. Theodore Roosevelt, as a Naval Hero.

                                                                                                                                           I don't think so. Crozier ignored his chain of command, going above the head of his superior (who was on the same ship) with concerns about the handling of a CCP virus outbreak on the ship. More damnably, however, he "sent the letter [expressing his concerns] on an unclassified email system to 20 to 30 people. Sending such a letter, Modly said, caused unnecessary alarm about the operational readiness of the ship and undermined the chain of command. 'In sending it out pretty broadly, he did not take care to ensure that it couldn’t be leaked,' Modly said. 'And that’s part of his responsibility.'" And leak it did.

                                                                                                                                          Maybe it didn't make any difference, but whatever information China previously had about the aircraft carrier's readiness, Crozier confirmed that the ship was not ready to respond to any threats or actions that China might take.

                                                                                                                                          And while Crozier basks in the praise of his crew and the media, keep in mind that China sees this pandemic as an opportunity.  Bruno Maçães warns that "China Wants to Use the Coronavirus to Take Over the World." He sees three ways in which China will pursue its goal in the wake of the pandemic:
                                                                                                                                             The first one is the direct comparison between the situation in China and elsewhere. The numbers of cases and fatalities provided by Chinese authorities almost certainly misrepresent the real figures by more than an order of magnitude, but the fact remains that a semblance of normalcy was achieved in a small period of time. If the United States fails to do the same, its prestige will suffer a severe blow. People all over the world will quickly change their perceptions about relative power and capacity.

                                                                                                                                             The second lever resides with industrial value chains. Last month General Motors, Ford, and Fiat Chrysler closed all their automotive production plants across the United States and Canada. Other sectors have followed. In the meantime, China contained the worst of the pandemic to one province, allowing economic activity to quickly resume elsewhere. The most recent data show renewed activity in the flow of goods across the country, as well as at ports worldwide that do business with China. If the freeze in Europe and America continues for much longer, Chinese companies will be able to dramatically expand market share and replace Western-led value chains. Just yesterday Chinese authorities announced that manufacturing activity expanded in March, defying expectations of a contraction. In February the official Purchasing Managers’ Index hit a record low of 35.7. It bounced back to 52.0 in March. Prepare for a worldwide wave of Chinese acquisitions at knockdown prices.

                                                                                                                                             Finally, in a more extreme scenario, important countries could experience the kind of economic shock that leads to widespread social and political collapse. At that point, China would have a unique opportunity to step in, provide aid, and refashion these countries in its image. It would look like a repeat of the Marshall Plan and the beginning of the American world order after the ravages of World War II. Indonesia, South Asia, and even Russia might be of special interest in such a scenario.
                                                                                                                                             Matt Bracken similarly writes that "China Plans To Win The Pandemic World War," and focuses primarily on the last point raised by Maçães. He writes:
                                                                                                                                             For example: Guayaquil, Ecuador is one of a handful of major seaports on the west coast of South America, and it has the best location and by far the largest natural harbor. Guayaquil touts itself as the main port city and gateway to the Pacific Rim, including China. Now Coronavirus is breaking out in Guayaquil at about the same pace it did in Milan a month ago, but Ecuador does not have a slim fraction of Italy’s medical capacity to deal with it. In a month, Guayaquil might be a medical catastrophe, and America will be in no position to send help.

                                                                                                                                             If Pandemic World War One goes in China’s favor, their plans will include sending “rescue and relief” ships to Ecuador which would become the basis and beachhead of Chinese control and colonization. A similar pattern would emerge across Africa, where Chinese infrastructure projects are already omnipresent. In the thrall of an accelerated pandemic, America and Europe would be too weak to oppose these Chinese “rescue missions.” The president of the Philippines has already announced he is eager to be “rescued” by China. And it’s worth mentioning that Chinese firms already control the container ports on both ends of the Panama Canal, as well as a gigantic new container port in Freeport, in the Bahamas. In fact, such Communist Chinese beachheads already exist around the world.

                                                                                                                                             Now factor into the equation that China has thirty million more men than women as a result of their former one-child policy. During times of economic hardship this surplus of unmarried adult men will present a grave danger to the CCP. The obvious solution is to send as many of them as possible abroad on foreign “rescue missions” or other military adventures that will quickly become invasion and colonization efforts. ...

                                                                                                                                      Sunday, April 5, 2020

                                                                                                                                      Review of Craft Holsters' Shoulder Holster System With Mag Pouch

                                                                                                                                      Unboxing
                                                                                                                                        Several weeks ago, I was approached by Craft Holsters to review a holster of my own selection from their catalog. For sake of full disclosure, the offer was that the holster would be provided to me free of charge. But I was given full editorial control--this review has not been previously provided to Craft Holsters so I can give an unbiased review of the product.

                                                                                                                                           Wanting something for my Beretta 84, I wavered between a cross-draw holster and a shoulder-holster, finally deciding on the shoulder-holster. Specifically, I requested the Shoulder Holster System With Mag Pouch. About a week later, it arrived on my doorstep.

                                                                                                                                           Technically, shoulder holsters include any holster system using a shoulder strap or shoulder harness. Thus, most chest holsters, such as the Kenai chest holster and the Hill People Gear's Kit Bag (my review of the latter is here), as well as various bras holsters and underarm holsters designed for women, are part of the class of "shoulder holsters" But when most people think of shoulder holsters, they think of something like that carried by Sonny Crockett in the Miami Vice television series, or John McClane in the movie Die Hard.

                                                                                                                                           Although I hadn't used a shoulder holster in the latter, classic sense of the word, prior to this review, I have certainly read up on them a lot since, and discovered that they have a lot of detractors yet, like the .380 ACP, seem to remain a favorite of a certain segment of the shooting community. In fact, reflecting on it, one of the reasons that I've never had a shoulder holster before now is because by the time I got a CCL and started carrying regularly, about 2000, the shoulder holster had largely fallen out of favor with gun writers. So I started out trying various carry methods employing outside the waistband (OWB) and inside the waistband (IWB) carry, as well as pocket carry, employing a fanny pack, and even some different types of off-body carry, but never considered a shoulder holster. I was so impressed, however, with the comfort of the Hill People Gear Kit Bag and, to a slightly lesser degree, the Kenai chest holster that with this offer from Craft Holsters my thoughts wondered to a shoulder holster rig.

                                                                                                                                           And so here we are. In this review, I will start out discussing the specific aspects of the Craft Holsters' product, then my experience using it for the past two weeks or so, and, finally, a more general discussion of shoulder holsters. But, in a nutshell, I've been very impressed with the system, as has my oldest son. In fact, after trying it on for a bit, he decided to order his own shoulder holster from Craft Holsters (with his money, not as a gift from Craft Holsters).

                                                                                                                                            So let's get started, shall we?

                                                                                                                                      Front view
                                                                                                                                      THE CRAFT HOLSTERS' SHOULDER HOLSTER SYSTEM

                                                                                                                                           Since unboxing of products is important to many people, let me start with that. The holster arrived in a sealed cardboard box, inside a white bag to protect and cushion it, with additional packing material to protect it. Although the product shipped from Slovakia, it arrived within a week of my receiving a shipping notice. I can't say whether this was typical for regular orders, but that was my experience. Like many holster makers, Craft Holsters does not have every model in stock, and I know there may be delays if they have to manufacture a holster (my son's order, for instance, is for a left-handed holster and so there is a manufacturing delay, which is probably not helped by the current Covid-19 outbreak).

                                                                                                                                             The package included a break-in kit consisting of a leather softener--it is not uncommon for the leather holsters to have to be softened to allow the holster to stretch to properly fit your firearm. In my case, it was not needed. Again, I would caution that because this was not an ordinary order, I don't know if the break-in kit is ordinarily shipped with orders, or if must be ordered separately  [Update: The break-in kit is indeed a separate item that can be ordered here]

                                                                                                                                      Back view
                                                                                                                                            If you are at all familiar with shoulder holsters, you will probably recognize that the Craft Holsters system is similar to the design of Galco's popular Miami Classic shoulder holster system (albeit at a lower price point). Thus, the system consists of a horizontal holster, a harness, and a magazine carrier capable of holding two extra magazines.

                                                                                                                                           While not pictured in my photographs of the system, there is also a belt-tie down that attaches to the magazine carrier to help keep everything from flopping around. Although there are some systems that use two tie-downs, others (including the Miami Classic) use just the single tie-down. I elected to not use the tie-down as I felt it was secure enough without it, and my carry plan would generally involve removing the holster when at work (I will explain this in more detail later).

                                                                                                                                           The Craft Holster system makes use of a blend of leather and polymer parts. There are three different general types of leather used in the system. With the exception of the attachment of the holster to the straps of the harness, the parts used metal snaps to attach together. This is as it should be according to the sources I read. The different straps, to be comfortable and fit well, must be able to rotate slightly as the user moves, which is facilitated by the snaps (or hangers, in the case of the holster itself--see below). I also found the snaps useful for untangling the harness if need be; rather than trying to figure out how things became twisted up, I could simply unsnap a harness piece, unwind it, and then snap it back into place.

                                                                                                                                      Hangers at the top of the holster.
                                                                                                                                           The pieces of the harness connect together on the back with a central piece made of a flexible polymer [update: my wife says that it is a silicone based plastic] with snaps to attach the harness straps (see below). The central piece is lightly textured and very clean looking from the visible side. On the reverse side--i.e., the side that will be up against your back--it is very shiny and slick, but some of the molding marks are visible.

                                                                                                                                           The hangers and buckles are of a hard polymer, similar to that used with backpacks and other outdoor equipment. Thus, I don't expect any issue as to durability unless I were to deliberately or accidentally crush the pieces.

                                                                                                                                      Detail of the back connecting plate
                                                                                                                                           As I noted above, there are three types of leather used in the holster system. The holster, itself, is made of two layers of heavy leather that folds around the gun and is double stitched--unlike some other leather holsters I own, including models from De Santis and Galco. The space under the barrel is preserved using a screw and spacer. I don't know much about stitching, so the first thing I did when I opened the box was take the holster to my wife for her opinion as to the stitching. My wife embroiders, quilts and sews, including some professional work for a couple local stores and prototyping work she has done for product designers. Her comments were that the stitches looked good with appropriate tension. And as you can see, a heavy duty thread (heavier than a lot of leather holsters I've owned) was used. In short, the holster appears to be well made and heavy duty.

                                                                                                                                      Detail of thumb break strap on Craft Holsters' leather holster. Note that it is a double layer of leather.
                                                                                                                                           I also appreciate that the thumb break is made of a double layer of heavy duty leather. This means that the thumb break will remain useful over a long period of time. Some holster makers use a single layer of leather with a metal or plastic reinforcement. But I have another leather holster that is a single layer of leather without any reinforcement, and, through use, the leather has weakened and become so flexible that it is easy to mess up the draw by not getting the thumb strap to release.

                                                                                                                                      Worn thumb strap on a holster for a 1911

                                                                                                                                      De Santis holster with a thumb break reinforced with sheet steel
                                                                                                                                               Finally, I found it interesting that there is an extra layer of leather stitched across the back of the holster with cuts for running a belt through. This means that if you wanted to take the time to unscrew the hangers from their straps, you could use the holster as a belt holster.

                                                                                                                                               The magazine carrier is made of what I would consider a medium weight cow leather. It is generic for double-stack magazines, but is well made and, most important, even with the flaps unsnapped, there was enough friction to hold the magazine in place so it didn't simply fall out. That is a good feature. I would rather draw the magazine from the carrier than have to bend over to pick it up from the ground.

                                                                                                                                              The straps are made of what I would describe as a light weight cow leather. That makes them more flexible and, I would guess, more comfortable to wear than thicker leather straps. The straps are adjustable so you can increase or decrease the length and, if desired, the angle at which the holster and/or magazine carrier ride. As noted earlier, the buckles for the straps are a polymer similar to what you would find used with other outdoor gear.

                                                                                                                                             So, in short, it seems that the holster and harness system are well built.

                                                                                                                                      MY EXPERIENCE WITH THE SHOULDER HOLSTER SYSTEM

                                                                                                                                            The first rule of a gunfight is to have a gun, so it has been my belief that if your carrying system is so uncomfortable that you forego carrying, or if it otherwise so inconvenient to use that you avoid carrying, the holster or system is practically worthless. In my October 2019 post on carrying a handgun while hiking or hunting, I noted that one of the issues I have is lower back pain, which is aggravated if I have an unbalanced weight. That is why I was looking at chest holsters for outdoor carry, and is one of the factors I was interested in testing with this holster.

                                                                                                                                           With the gun on one side and the two loaded magazines on the other, everything balances nicely. I've used this holster exclusively for the past two weeks and I have no complaints: it was comfortable. Admittedly, I generally take it off when I arrive at work (my job is deemed "essential" under Idaho's isolation order, so I am still going in to work), and put it back on before leaving. But I've spent a couple days on the weekends wearing it all day and don't have any complaints.

                                                                                                                                           It was also nice while riding in a car. The firearm was easily accessible, unlike when carrying in a pocket holster or in a waist holster. And I didn't have the usual discomfort of the gun and holster being pushed into my side by the seatbelt or the seatbelt latch such as when I use a strong side waist carry holster. It certainly doesn't require the complete redesign of car seats.

                                                                                                                                           Another benefit was that if I had to use a toilet--as in, actually sit down--I didn't have the firearm dragging my pants to the ground or pulling the belt loose. So, something else in its favor.

                                                                                                                                           Now I know that comfort is a subjective thing, and not everyone agrees that shoulder holsters are comfortable (see, e.g., Greg Ellifritz's comments about shoulder holsters). While researching shoulder holsters in preparation for writing this review, I came across several authors that stated that they simply didn't like the holsters because they were so uncomfortable. But they didn't describe their problems in any detail, nor provide information as to the holster. So I don't know if it was an issue of a poorly designed holster, poor fit and adjustment, too heavy of straps, a general dislike of having weight hang off your shoulders, or what.

                                                                                                                                             One of the articles I read on the topic related that Don Johnson, the actor that played Sonny Crockett in Miami Vice, so hated the shoulder holster that he first used in the series that he was going to switch to a belt holster until Galco's founder showed up with his Jackass Holster (which became the Miami Classic) and correctly set it up for Johnson. So, in that case, it was simply the matter of getting a better designed holster setup and having it properly adjusted.

                                                                                                                                            If the issue is the pull on the shoulders, I don't know what to say. I've used suspenders periodically for years, and for the past 7 or 8 months have been wearing suspenders daily. So I'm used to the sensation of that pull on the shoulders and it doesn't bother me.

                                                                                                                                           Another benefit to this holster system is the magazine carrier. Previously, if I had an extra magazine or speed loader, it went into a pocket of a jacket or the day pack I use in lieu of a briefcase, and I only carried one such reload. This holster allows me to have two extra magazines at hand at all times I'm wearing the holster.

                                                                                                                                           Finally, it allowed me to step up to a more capable weapon. I've used several different carry methods and handguns over the years. After an initial period of experimenting, I eventually settled on a J-frame 5-round .38 Special Revolver for most of my carry needs, occasionally augmented with something larger. But I really wanted to have something with more capacity and quicker reload. When the second generation R51 came out, I purchased it for concealed carry. But with all the problems after its initial release, manufacturers backed away from it and so there weren't many holsters made for it, let alone something that I liked. I tried pocket carry, but it was really too large for the slacks that I wore for work. (In fact, I pretty much have given up on pocket carry with my work slacks since everything prints too easily, even trying really tiny .380s). The Beretta 84 gives me a 13+1 capacity, plus two 13-round magazines as spares. And it conceals better under my suit jackets than my waist holsters ever have.

                                                                                                                                           In fact, I'm so pleased with the system that I'm considering getting another for one to use with my Glock 34. And, as I mentioned at the beginning of this article, my son liked it so well that he plunked down his hard-earned cash to order one for himself.

                                                                                                                                          Now I have to admit that I initially struggled with putting on or taking off the holster. Sometimes, when putting it on, the harness might twist; taking it off, I was basically trying to shake it off like a particularly tight coat. But I soon figured out the proper way to put it on and take it off. Initially, you want to hold the magazine carrier with your right hand and lift up so that you can slip your left arm through the left side loop made by the straps and holster. Then grip the magazine carrier with your left hand, and lift it up in front of you so that you can begin to slide your right arm through the loop made by the harness and the magazine carrier and then slide into it like putting on a T-shirt. Taking it off is the reverse. The key, though, is keeping hold of the magazine carrier so that you can elevate the harness and keep it from twisting.

                                                                                                                                           My carry plan will vary somewhat during the year depending on temperature. During cold months, I normally were a zip-up sweater or jacket even when sitting at my desk. In past years, this has allowed me to wear a hip holster throughout the day. I expect that I will still be able to do this with the shoulder holster, although I have not yet tried the shoulder holster with my sweater/jackets.

                                                                                                                                           Generally, during the summer, because I ditch my jackets I have in the past either switched to pocket carry or worn it under a sports coat until in my office, and then simply taken off the holster and firearm and kept it in a desk drawer or my day pack until leaving. (I have a private office, so I can easily take off or put on a holster without too much of an issue). I will probably continue this same practice.

                                                                                                                                      USING SHOULDER HOLSTERS GENERALLY

                                                                                                                                           Shoulder holsters have fallen out of favor with most defensive shooting instructors. This is largely due to liability and litigation issues. Basically, because of the way the weapon is worn, the muzzle will sweep other people as you move about, and the act of drawing will (generally) result in you sweeping the muzzle across the arm on the side of the holster, plus you may sweep the muzzle across others when you draw the weapon and bring it to a shooting position. But these same issues exist with other carry positions as well such as the cross-draw holsters, middle of the back, thigh-holsters and pocket carry (when sitting), and appendix-carry (AIWB).

                                                                                                                                            With all things firearms related, the carrying and use of a firearm is a series of weighing costs/benefits or engaging in acceptable trade-offs. For instance, I mentioned the other day that securely locking up a firearm is not the same as safe storage because a firearm locked up in such a way that you can't access it when needed is not really safe. Similar weighing of pros/cons and trade-offs are necessary to carrying a firearm.

                                                                                                                                            I see a lot of discussion from various blogs and forums that there is no such thing as an accidental discharge--only negligent discharges. In fact, it is so often repeated that it has become a truism. Why is this so? Because, it is assumed, even when loaded, a firearm in good condition is inert and will not fire unless someone is manipulating it. This is also why we hear the advice to not try and catch a firearm if you drop it because you are more likely to inadvertently actuate the trigger trying to catch the thing than it is for the firearm to fire upon striking the ground.

                                                                                                                                           My point with this is that this idea of the inert weapon also holds true if the firearm is resting in a holster. We don't go around afraid that the weapon on our belt holster will suddenly and by itself fire a round toward the ground that will ricochet and injure someone; and those using AIWB carry don't worry about the gun suddenly, by itself, blowing off the family jewels. Likewise, simply because the firearm is being carried in a shoulder holster does not mean that it will suddenly go off by itself and injure or kill an innocent bystander as we walk down the grocery aisle or bend over to grab a packet of cheese from the dairy display.

                                                                                                                                           Rather, as with all firearms, the danger is most acute when drawing or holstering a weapon due to a stray finger depressing the trigger. This didn't use to be as great an issue as today. I was reading an article the other day from the Revolver Guy blog discussing why the front of the trigger guard was removed from "Fitz" revolvers. The author noted that you could get away with this because of the heavy double action trigger pulls, adding: "Like most of the cops trained in the revolver era, I was taught to always have a finger resting on the trigger of a drawn revolver….and that was a mere 32 years ago in 1988. We really didn’t figure out how important trigger finger discipline was until the popularity of the Glock pistol." This suggests, then, that the solution might not be to discard the whole idea of a shoulder holster, but to be more careful of your selection of a firearm: i.e., use a double-action revolver, or a DA/SA or DAO pistol.

                                                                                                                                            And if you are afraid of shooting yourself on a draw, you can add lifting your non-shooting arm into the air when drawing so it is above the level of the muzzle of the firearm. This doesn't have to be raising your arm like you might raise a hand before asking a question, but a "chicken wing" that gets your arm and elbow up and out of the way.

                                                                                                                                           Some other common criticisms of the shoulder holster is that it is too easy for an attacker to fowl a draw, provides easy access to the firearm by an attacker, and that it can be difficult to draw if you are pressed against a wall or on the ground. There is merit to all of these, but the reality is that all concealed holsters allow easy access to the firearm simply because they generally lack any sort of retention beyond a thumb-break strap and/or friction. For concealed carry, the biggest defense against someone grabbing your gun is their not know you are carrying, and my admittedly limited experience is that the shoulder holster is easily equal or superior to other forms of carry for concealment.

                                                                                                                                            As for fowling the draw, a lot depends on circumstances. If it is you against a single attacker who has gotten up in your face, I believe that the standard retention response of blading the body so that your gun hand is further from the aggressor, and using your off hand (or elbow) to keep the attacker at some distance should work.

                                                                                                                                           As for being forced against a wall, or being on your back on the ground, I would have to respond that your reaction may well depend on what the attacker is doing. For instance, I think that middle of the back carry would be the worst places to have to draw a gun if you were on the ground with an attacker on top of you, yet George Zimmerman was able to get his gun out and shoot St. Skittles (Trayvon Martin). This was because Martin was so intent on punching Zimmerman and smacking his skull against the concrete, he wasn't paying attention to what Zimmerman was doing with his hands.

                                                                                                                                           So, let's look at the pro's of using a shoulder holster. The biggest benefit I see listed is that you have easy access to the weapon when seated, whether in a car or at a desk. This is a big deal for me because I work at a desk during the day, and my travel to and from work is by a vehicle. The most dangerous time for me to be attacked is when traversing the transition space of a parking lot to get to or from my car, or while I'm in a vehicle. Thus, the shoulder holster actually works better for me than my two most common carry methods in the past: strong side waist or pocket carry. And, as one author has pointed out, "shoulder holsters would benefit the physical disabled, especially those who are wheelchair bound. Unlike a strong-side belt holster, drawing from a shoulder holster is much easier when seated."

                                                                                                                                           Another commonly listed benefit of wearing a shoulder holster is for cold weather carry. In cold weather, especially if you are wearing an outer coat long enough to cover your butt, it can be difficult to access a handgun carried at the waist level. My experience has been that for quick access, I either need to keep my coat unzipped (which largely defeats the purpose of wearing the coat) or carry something like my J-frame revolver in one of the coat pockets. Shoulder holsters, on the other hand, offer quicker and easier access to a concealed weapon in cold weather.

                                                                                                                                           The shoulder holster is also generally regarded as being better for carrying heavier firearms because of the weight distribution provided by the shoulder harness. As I noted above, since I have lower back problems, it has been much more comfortable to carry my weapon in the shoulder holster than in a belt holster.

                                                                                                                                             If you fancy using a long barreled weapon, a vertical or 45 degree canted shoulder holster gives you more room to work with than you would have with a belt holster.

                                                                                                                                           Another advantage--at least with this Craft Holster system or similar system--is that my firearm and spare ammunition are carried by a single convenient package that is easy to get on and off. And I don't need gun belt: I can wear my slim dress belts.

                                                                                                                                           Finally, I've seen a couple authors argue that it can be more discrete to prepare to draw your weapon. "[F]rom a tactical standpoint, the act of calmly folding your arms at the first hint of danger to enable your firing hand to access a shoulder-holstered pistol draws a lot less attention (not to mention requires tremendously less effort) than drawing from a strong-side hip holster."

                                                                                                                                      CONCLUSION

                                                                                                                                           In short, I liked the holster, it appears to be well made, and it solves some issues I had with other carry holsters. I would recommend it to others.

                                                                                                                                      MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES

                                                                                                                                          Some interesting and/or useful articles on shoulder holsters I came across while researching the topic:
                                                                                                                                            Glamourized in movies and TV programs, the shoulder holster has seen tremendous advancements in design and popularity since their original development more than a century ago. Consisting of a harness encircling both shoulders and suspending a handgun from beneath the armpit of the support hand, today's shoulder holsters are available in a wide variety of models that orient a pistol in several ways—offering the wearer great versatility—thereby making shoulder holsters ideal for someone who is seated for long periods of time. Perhaps that is why they are popular with law enforcement/military pilots and armored-vehicle personnel, along with members of a security details assigned to vehicles. Therefore, it is understandable why shoulder holsters would benefit the physical disabled, especially those who are wheelchair bound. Unlike a strong-side belt holster, drawing from a shoulder holster is much easier when seated.
                                                                                                                                              In addition, from a tactical standpoint, the act of calmly folding your arms at the first hint of danger to enable your firing hand to access a shoulder-holstered pistol draws a lot less attention (not to mention requires tremendously less effort) than drawing from a strong-side hip holster. They are also one of the only types of holsters that don't require use of a belt—which could be advantageous for someone with limited fine motor skills or those with lumbar spine injuries.
                                                                                                                                                Models that combine magazine pouches/ammo carriers with a holster comprise a complete shoulder system—a concealed-carry complement comprising a single piece of gear, as opposed to multiple pieces that need individual placement on a belt. Also, since a shoulder holster carries the pistol beneath the support-side arm, the nature of its design makes it one of the easiest holsters to draw from with your weak hand should you become injured during a gunfight. However, be sure to raise your nondominant arm during the draw to avoid sweeping yourself with the muzzle.
                                                                                                                                                   Sporting an ambidextrous, half-harness design, easy-to-manipulate tiedowns and an innovative spring-retention system, the author considers the Safariland 1090 Gun-Quick shoulder holster ideal for CCW permitees who may unable to use traditional shoulder holster due to insufficient fine motor skills.
                                                                                                                                                     When I first began carrying concealed, it took me some time to settle on the type of firearm that offered a balance of comfort and practicality. (I even made a shoulder holster of my own design to use while at Gunsite many years ago.) The one long-standing constant was my use of a shoulder holster. No matter if I was relying on my crutches or my wheelchair, a shoulder holster provided an optimal level of quick access, concealment and comfort. As time passed and birthdays passed, it forced me to restrict my use of shoulder holsters in lieu of alternative methods of carry as a result of developing a duke's mixture of arthritis and degenerative-disk disease in my spine. Nonetheless, I still find myself turning to shoulder holsters these days—especially during winter and fall months when jackets are worn. Although their service is primarily geared more toward short-term use, such as an impromptu decision to catch a movie or run an errand, I take comfort in knowing a shoulder holster puts everything I need to defend myself in a single piece of gear that is easy to don and quick to access when seconds count.
                                                                                                                                                       Lastly, pistol-packing females naturally gravitate toward shoulder holsters because most hip holsters are designed for men, and as a result they ride too high on a woman's body. Along similar lines, selecting a shoulder holster serves a practical as well as a stylish vein in that it saves them from having to wear manly looking pants that contain belt loops wide enough to accommodate the type of belt needed to comfortably retain a handgun, holster and spare-ammunition pouch. According to an article written by Massad Ayoob in the August 1999 issue of Guns Magazine, women also have a genetic advantage when it comes to shoulder holsters. Unlike men who can have difficulty reaching across their chest to grip a shoulder-holstered handgun, for some reason women's arms tend to be more limber enabling them to reach farther toward their support-side armpit. It turns out holster designer/quick-draw artist Chic Gaylord brought this phenomenon to light back in his 1960 book, "Handgunner's Guide." It also served as the basis for his Dynamite shoulder Rig, which was originally designed for policewomen.