Thursday, July 29, 2021

VIDEO: "The Disaster Cycle Is Marching On"

 

VIDEO: "The Disaster Cycle Is Marching On"--Suspicious Observers (13 min.)

It's only been about 6 months since Suspicious Observes began shipping Ben Davidson's book on the disaster cycle. Yet even in that short time period, a considerable number of papers have been published that support his theory and continue to show that the cycle is progressing. He goes over the new research confirming his theory.

Wednesday, July 28, 2021

The Docent's Memo (7/28/2021)

VIDEO: "Manurhin MR73 - Double action secrets and a funky 9mm cylinder"--Bloke On The Range (24 min.). A look at some of the mechanical features that make this one of the best revolvers ever.

Firearms/Self-Defense:
  • "Mastering Grip: 5 Ways You’re Holding Your Gun Wrong"--U.S. Law Shield. The author of this article approached 5 well known firearm instructors to ask them what was the #1 problem they saw among their students when it came to gripping a firearm. Kippi Leatham's response was shooter's picking up the weapon a different way every time. As we all know, consistency is key to mastering a firearms. Leatham explains how to do it:

    My advice is to get the proper shooting grip immediately (if possible), whether picking the gun up off of a bench, drawing from a holster, taking it off of a display rack, etc. Every time I handle one of my pistols, whether I’m loading a mag, unloading the gun, drawing from a holster, just admiring it, etc., I use my strong-hand shooting grip —

    Trigger finger rests on the frame (below the slide), visibly above/outside of the trigger guard.

    Three remaining fingers are closed and touching under the trigger guard.

    Thumb webbing is centered on the back strap of the gun and positioned under the tang as high as possible.

    Thumb on the left side of the gun is touching the side of the frame.

    1. Get a firm grip. I think it was Massad Ayoob that said that you need to get a tight enough grip that your hand starts to shake slightly, and then back off just a bit. The main point to this is to make sure that the firearm is not going to shift in position as you fire it, and to force yourself into a consistent grip.
    2. Lock your wrist. Again, this helps with consistency, as well as preventing a failure to feed or extract due to "limp wrist".
    3. Position the gun in your hand so you can reach the trigger. Ideally you want a handgun that fits your hand, but if you are shooting a handgun slightly too big or too little, you may need to position it differently. The point is to be able to be able to at least touch the trigger with the first crease of the first joint of the trigger finger.
    4. Two hands are better than one. Two hands equals better stability--if you are using your second hand correctly. A tea-cup grip--where the off-hand essentially acts as a saucer for the gripping hand--is pretty much next to useless. Gripping the wrist of the primary hand is also not really beneficial. Ideally, you want the four fingers of the off hand to lie over the spaces where the three fingers of primary hand are gripping the handgun. Thus, the first finger of the off-hand is pushing up slightly into the trigger guard. I like the thumbs forward grip on a semi-auto pistol, and I like to keep a bit of pressure on the side of the gun with my off-hand thumb--it seems to steady it a bit.
    5. Keep the pressure on while pulling the trigger. This point is a warning not to increase or loosen your grip on the firearm as you pull the trigger, otherwise the whole purpose of Point #1 is defeated.
    6. Practice holding on tight. This serves two purposes. The most basic is to build your strength. The second is for you to learn an appropriate amount of grip: as noted above, just a hair below where your hand begins to shake.
  • "What Are the Effects of a Contact Shot for Personal Defense?" by George Harris, Shooting Illustrated. A reminder that if you are in an extreme close quarter (ECQ) and try to make a contact shot against an assailant, a semi-auto pistol may fail to fire if the muzzle is touching or shoved into the side of the target and pushed out of battery. He also discusses the effects on the person being shot at contact distance:
Without going into great detail, the gases from the propellant powering the projectile down the barrel require a degree of consideration in conjunction with the bullet’s penetration into the target. When the muzzle is in contact with the target as the gun fires, the bullet makes the initial penetration followed by a significant amount of high-pressure gases that create additional tissue damage. In some cases, depending on the cartridge fired in a contact wound, the gas-pressure damage to the target equals or exceeds that which was caused by the projectile itself. This is beneficial in stopping the unwanted action of the opponent in a gunfight.

  • "Common Issues When Swapping AR-15 Upper Receivers" by Steve Adelmann, Shooting Illustrated. The "small frame" AR-15 receivers generally fit together without issue, but the author discusses what to do if you happen to have an older Colt model with the larger front pivot pin, if there is too much play between the upper and lower receivers, and a warning that some trigger groups will not work well with PCC uppers. The AR-10 receivers are a different story because there is greater variance in designs--there is no mil-spec for the larger receivers. However, the author discusses the three main types out there and offers pointers for certain issues.

  • "Rifle Recoil--Is Anybody Honest About It?" by Dave Anderson, Guns Magazine. A discussion on how excessive recoil is a detriment to learning accurate rifle shooting, but too many shooters and hunters are under the misconception that they need more power! 


Prepping/Survival:
  • "Food Storage List For 1 Year"--Modern Survival Blog. The list is a modified one from the LDS Preparedness Manual, and represents a 1 year, bare minimum food storage for one adult male.
  • "Survival Vitamins and Supplements"--Modern Survival Blog. The reality is that it will be hard enough to create a long term storage plan that provides the calories you need, let alone one that will include all of the vitamins. This article discusses the vitamins you should include in your food storage program, starting, of course, with a good multi-vitamin from "well recognized brands, tailored separately towards men and women. And, the 'over 50' crowd…" (Ellipses in original). He also includes Vitamins C and D as additional necessary supplements. Finally, he discusses some other supplements you might want to consider.
  •  "What to do during a shelter-in-place order"--KHOU 11 (h/t KA9OFF). This article focuses on a shelter-in-place order issued after a chemical release or incident. The article relates:
When local leaders make that call [to issue an order], here’s what they want you to do:
  • Go inside
  • Shut and lock all doors and windows
  • Turn off your air conditioner or heater, as well as any fans
  • Close the fireplace damper
(Basically, you’re trying to keep that possibly dangerous air from coming in your house.)

    While you’re sheltering in place, don’t drink tap water. Keep an eye out for updates about the situation so you know when it’s safe to go outside or if things have escalated and you need to evacuate.
  • "Tips For Surviving Deadly Dust Storms" by Bob Rodgers, Preppers Will.  As the author discusses, dust storms primarily are dangerous to drivers because they can quickly and completely obscure vision. There is also the risk of respiratory issues or eye damage if you are caught outside during such an event--the author suggests that if you are in area prone to dust storms that you keep dust masks and goggles in your emergency kit. Back to the driving issue, the author discusses 6 tips for surviving a dust storm while driving, particularly on a highway. The tips are:
    1. Be aware of weather by listening to weather reports so you know if there is a possibility of a dust storm.
    2. Look for signs of an approaching dust storm and know what are those signs.
    3. Run to safety--i.e., try to outrun the storm by taking a different route.
    4. Slow down if you are overtaken by a dust storm since most accidents are due to vehicles driving too fast for the reduced visibility.
    5. Get off the road.
    6. Wait it out.
This advice is also good advice for white outs--like dust storms but with blowing snow.
    The misconception that collapse is an all or nothing phenomenon is common: Either the system rights itself with a bit of money-printing and rah-rah or it collapses into post-industrial ruin and gangs are battling over the last stash of canned beans.

    Neither scenario considers the fragility and resilience of the socio-economic system as a whole. It is both far more fragile than the believers in the permanence of the waste is growth model grasp and more resilient than the complete collapse prognosticators grasp.

    The recent relatively mild logjams in global supply chains of essentials are mere glimpses of precariously fragile delivery-supply systems. These can be understood as bottlenecks that only insiders see, or as unstable nodes through which all the economy’s connections run. Put another way, the economy’s as a network appears decentralized and robust, but this illusion vanishes when we consider how the entire economy rests on a few unstable nodes.

  • "Mailvox: tribalism wins"--Vox Popoli. A reader describes an incident while staying at a motel with a group of Mennonites. He went down to get his "all you can eat" breakfast and watched in amazement as the Mennonites deftly came in and took over the eating area, physically blocking access to food and tables, and monopolizing the waffle makers, leaving nary a crumb after they were done.
  • Two from Raconteur Report on caching and how to do it:

The latter article also contains links to a couple books on weapons caching.


VIDEO: "The War Over Critical Race Theory"--America Uncovered (16 min.)

The Collapse of Complex Societies:
    ... The data from Israel, the most vaxxed country on the planet, is proving these “vaccines” to be virtually worthless.

    Over 80% of new cases are among the vaxxed and the effectiveness of the vaccines are clocking in at 39%, just a smidge lower than the 95% from the doctored trials. ...

    In August 1996, the San Jose Mercury News initiated an extended series of articles linking the CIA’s “contra” army to the crack cocaine epidemic in Los Angeles. Based on a year-long investigation, reporter Gary Webb wrote that during the 1980s the CIA helped finance its covert war against Nicaragua’s leftist government through sales of cut-rate cocaine to South Central L.A. drug dealer, Ricky Ross. The series unleashed a storm of protest, spearheaded by black radio stations and the congressional Black Caucus, with demands for official inquiries. The Mercury News‘ Web page, with supporting documents and updates, received hundreds of thousands of “hits” a day.

    While much of the CIA-contra-drug story had been revealed years ago in the press and in congressional hearings, the Mercury News series added a crucial missing link: It followed the cocaine trail to Ross and black L.A. gangs who became street-level distributors of crack, a cheap and powerful form of cocaine. The CIA’s drug network, wrote Webb, “opened the first pipeline between Colombia’s cocaine cartels and the black neighborhoods of Los Angeles, a city now known as the ‘crack’ capital of the world.” Black gangs used their profits to buy automatic weapons, sometimes from one of the CIA-linked drug dealers.

    CIA Director John Deutch declared that he found “no connection whatsoever” between the CIA and cocaine traffickers. And major media–the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, and Washington Post–have run long pieces refuting the Mercury News series. They deny that Bay Area-based Nicaraguan drug dealers, Juan Norwin Meneses and Oscar Danilo Blandon, worked for the CIA or contributed “millions in drug profits” to the contras, as Webb contended. They also note that neither Ross nor the gangs were the first or sole distributors of crack in L.A. Webb, however, did not claim this. He wrote that the huge influx of cocaine happened to come at just the time that street-level drug dealers were figuring out how to make cocaine affordable by changing it into crack.

    Many in the media have also postulated that any drug-trafficking contras involved were “rogue” elements, not supported by the CIA. But these denials overlook much of the Mercury News‘ evidence of CIA complicity. For example:

  • CIA-supplied contra planes and pilots carried cocaine from Central America to U.S. airports and military bases. In 1985, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Celerino Castillo reported to his superiors that cocaine was being stored at the CIA’s contra-supply warehouse at Ilopango Air Force Base in El Salvador for shipment to the U.S. The DEA did nothing, and Castillo was gradually forced out of the agency.
  • When Danilo Blandón was finally arrested in 1986, he admitted to drug crimes that would have sent others away for life. The Justice Department, however, freed Blandón after only 28 months behind bars and then hired him as a full-time DEA informant, paying him more than $166,000. When Blandón testified in a 1996 trial against Ricky Ross, the Justice Department blocked any inquiry about Blandón’s connection to the CIA.
  • Although Norwin Meneses is listed in DEA computers as a major international drug smuggler implicated in 45 separate federal investigations since 1974, he lived conspicuously in California until 1989 and was never arrested in the U.S.
  • Senate investigators and agents from four organizations all complained that their contra-drug investigations “were hampered,” Webb wrote, “by the CIA or unnamed ‘national security’ interests.” In the 1984 “Frogman Case,” for instance, the U.S. Attorney in San Francisco returned $36,800 seized from a Nicaraguan drug dealer after two contra leaders sent letters to the court arguing that the cash was intended for the contras. Federal prosecutors ordered the letter and other case evidence sealed for “national security” reasons. When Senate investigators later asked the Justice Department to explain this unusual turn of events, they ran into a wall of secrecy.

The article then turns to a more general history of CIA drug trafficking up to and including its ties to drug trafficking out of Afghanistan in the 1980's and early 1990's. On the latter point, the article relates:

CIA-supported Moujahedeen rebels engaged heavily in drug trafficking while fighting the Soviet-supported government, which had plans to reform Afghan society. The Agency’s principal client was Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, one of the leading drug lords and the biggest heroin refiner, who was also the largest recipient of CIA military support. 

 But I found the following quote the most revealing of all: 

“In my 30­year history in the Drug Enforcement Administration and related agencies, the major targets of my investigations almost invariably turned out to be working for the CIA.” — Dennis Dayle, former chief of an elite DEA enforcement unit.

This electronic briefing book is compiled from declassified documents obtained by the National Security Archive, including the notebooks kept by NSC aide and Iran-contra figure Oliver North, electronic mail messages written by high-ranking Reagan administration officials, memos detailing the contra war effort, and FBI and DEA reports. The documents demonstrate official knowledge of drug operations, and collaboration with and protection of known drug traffickers. Court and hearing transcripts are also included.

    "You're always going to be having drug traffickers, gun runners, people who are alien smugglers ... as some of the kinds of people that you're going to be relying on to carry out a covert war," Winer observes. "And that's true of any government anywhere--whether you're talking Afghanistan, Colombia, Southeast Asia, Burma. Your operatives tend to be people who are involved in other illicit activities. These things tend to go together."

    If you put aside conspiracy theories of crack peddling, that still leaves the question of why the Agency has repeatedly found itself associated with drug traffickers.

    America’s Intelligence agencies are the deep state’s deepest part, and the most immediate threat to representative government. They are also not very good at what they are supposed to be doing. Protecting the Republic from them requires refocusing them on their proper jobs.

    Intelligence officials abuse their positions to discredit opposition to the Democratic Party, of which they are part. Complicit with the media, they leverage the public’s mistaken faith in their superior knowledge, competence, and patriotism to vilify their domestic enemies from behind secrecy’s shield.

    Pretenses of superior knowledge have always tempted the Administrative State’s officials to manipulate or override voters. Hence, as Justice Robert H. Jackson (who served as chief prosecutor of the Nuremberg trials) warned, they often turn their powers against whomever they dislike politically, socially, or personally and try to minimize the public’s access to the bases upon which they act.

    But only the Intelligence agencies have the power to do that while claiming that scrutiny of their pretenses endangers national security. They have succeeded in restricting information about their misdeeds by “classifying” them under the Espionage Act of 1921. Thus covered, they misrepresent their opinions as knowledge and their preferences as logic. Thus acting as irresponsible arbiters of truth at the highest levels of American public life, they are the foremost jaws of the ruling class vise that is squeezing self-rule out of America.
 

Miscellany:
  • "The Feminist Left Thinks The Best Thing It Can Do For Women Is Send Them To War" by Elle Reynolds, The Federalist. Reynolds' primary argument is this: "I’m sure, if you asked the women of America for a list of things that could make their lives better, being forced to sign up to go to war would not be high on the list." Well, I'm pretty sure that being forced to sign up to go to war isn't high on men's lists either, and yet men (myself included) have been required to register for selective service.
    I'll probably earn a lot of hate for this, but in my opinion, if women expect to exercise all the rights of men in a polity, they should also have to bear the same responsibilities, including the threat of military service. Yes, I'm well aware that the vast majority of young women are physically and emotionally unsuited for combat roles, but I don't believe the solution is to continue to let women be free-riders when it comes to national defense.
 
    I'm also aware that having women serve in the military violates historical moral tenets and biological imperatives that women be protected because of their roles as mothers and perpetuating the race. But women have largely rejected the role of motherhood, so the biological and moral argument for exempting them from service is increasingly moot.

  • A canary in the coal mine? "An Elegy for the Boy Scouts" by Mark Pulliam, Law & Liberty. The author notes that from 2019 to 2020 membership in the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) fell from 1.97 million Cub Scouts and Boy Scouts to 1.12 million and, "[t]o make matters worse, the Associated Press reports that BSA membership has fallen even further since 2020—to about 762,000." This is from a high of 6.5 million in 1972 (and, even in 1998, there were 4.8 million scouts). The BSA's biggest supporters were always religions, so it is no surprise that the decline began after former Defense Secretary Robert Gates, while serving as head of the BSA, opened enrollment to homosexual members, and was hurried to its doom when the BSA decided to allow homosexual leaders. Now the Scouts (as they call themselves now) are admitting girls in order to stem the hemorrhage. 
    Pulliam wonders if the decline is because scouting is passé, or because scouting became woke. He notes, in this regard, that Scouting had started to decline in popularity as far back as the early 1960s. The BSA's attempts to keep up with the times didn't seem to have ever worked. The wokeness seems to have simply been the final straw that broke the camel's back.  

    I think that the Scouts simply became irrelevant to most of its perspective audience. The heart of scouting was traditionally rural, so increased urbanization probably didn't help. As Pulliam notes, increased immigration and diversity probably caused the Scouts to fall victim to the "bowling alone" problem associated with reduced social capital. I suspect that stagnating wages beginning in the 1970s probably played a role; for instance, I dropped out over concerns of how much it was costing my parents for membership dues, paying for the awards, uniforms, costs to attend camps, etc. Increased competition for both the boys' and the leaders' time also made a difference.  And the obsession with achieving Eagle Scout by 14 or 15 also took its toll--scouting ceased to be about a bunch of boys getting together for a good time and increasingly was just another box to be checked off in puffing up a college application.

  • "Jeff Bezos offers Nasa $2bn in exchange for moon mission contract"--The Guardian. As you know, NASA had awarded its moon rocket contract to Space X. This made Bezos butt-hurt, even though at that time his company hadn't even gotten any sort of capsule into space while Space X had started to regularly do so. So, after making a frivolous complaint to force NASA to reconsider its decision--which could still go to Space X--Bezos is attempting to sweeten the deal "by waiving all payments in the current and next two government fiscal years up to $2bn to get the program back on track," as well as pay for an orbital mission to vet its technology. In other words, Bezos is offering to not charge NASA for the costs it would incur for Bezos's company, Blue Origin, to catch up to where Space X is now. How considerate of him.
  • A little crime history: "The ballad of the Chowchilla bus kidnapping"--Vox. From the article header: "In 1976, a school bus carrying 26 children and their driver disappeared from a small California town, capturing the world’s attention. Forty-five years later, we revisit the story." You might think that you recognize this plot from a Dirty Harry movie and you would be correct--that's what inspired the kidnappers.
  • "Critical Witchcraft Theory"--American Greatness. The author compares Critical Race Theory to the Salem Witch Trials and similar witch hysterias. An excerpt:
    Systemic racism, by contrast, serves perfectly well as a realistic description of some societies, such as the antebellum states in which slavery was permitted. But today’s theorists of antiracism are faced with the difficulty that real systemic racism has disappeared from America. Individual racists can be spotted, i.e. people who loathe or at least dislike other people on the basis of race and behave towards those people with prejudice. But “systemic racism,” involving the complicity of law, the approval of society, the power of economics, and the reinforcement of culture is just gone. It was officially undone generations ago and we have since vigorously cleaned out its vestiges.

    That leaves the proponents of systemic racism chasing after spectral evidence. They may not be able to see systemic racism with ordinary human eyes, but they “know” it is there and they have special magical eyes to see through its myriad disguises to the ugly truth beneath. William Stoughton and Cotton Mather would be proud of them. 

Tuesday, July 27, 2021

Concealed Carry For The Rest Of Us

(Source)
       Most of you are probably familiar with the famous quote from Clint Smith: "Carrying a gun is not supposed to be comfortable; it’s supposed to be comforting." I generally have seen it quoted out of context, because Smith also added: "The gun that’s with you is better than the one that’s home in the safe."

      But there are a number of trainers, writers, and pundits that hold to the doctrine that no matter how uncomfortable or inconvenient, you should carry at least a mid-sized service handgun or something as close to it as possible (i.e., the Glock 19 or similar). "Dress around the gun," is also a common phrase to rebut those whose daily wardrobe doesn't include a jacket or untucked t-shirt. But this ignores Smith's other statement about having a gun with you.

     Ideally, everyone wishing to carry a concealed weapon would be able to carry a larger capacity handgun. (Heck, ideally, we could all carry a rifle). But that is not how the real world works. The fact of the matter is most people are not going to carry a weapon if it is uncomfortable and inconvenient because the perceived or actual risk is not that high. This is not to say that concealed carry license holders will not give up some comfort and convenience, but that it is unrealistic to expect the majority to readjust their lives around carrying a handgun. Especially those who do not live or work in high risk jobs or environments.

       Stephen A. Camp does a good job explaining this point in his article "Making the J-Frame .38 Snub Work." He writes:
Clint Smith is reputed to have said something to the effect, “Handguns are meant to be comforting, not comfortable”. I tend to agree if one is pretty sure of treading a hazardous path, leads a high-risk life-style, or works in a dangerous profession. Before retiring as a full-time peace officer, I seldom carried less than a 9mm or .45 automatic off duty. Were I in the jewelry business in Los Angeles or a bodyguard or something similar, I would not rely solely on a snub. More than likely I’ve served my last arrest or search warrant. I’ll not kick in any more doors or be sworn to confronting and arresting wanted felons known to be dangerous on sight. These days I’m around the house feeding ducks or goldfish, writing a bit, at the range, or hunting lease and that’s about it. ... [F]or most of my time I’m in a very, very low risk environment. True warriors will opine that one could be under deadly attack at any time and that is true, but we all play the odds to a degree. 
It is true that, in the United States, there are pockets of high crime; but for most of the country, violent crime rates are very low. The majority of us, like Camp, live in a "very, very low risk environment."

       The result is that most concealed gun carriers will necessarily gravitate toward carrying a firearm that the professionals would considered a "back-up gun" (BUG). In other words, notwithstanding the nomenclature, BUGs are probably the primary concealed carry firearm of most people who carry, not the compact semi-autos like the Glock 19 or 3-inch, steel framed .357 revolvers. And this is reflected in the market. It is why S&W's light-weight snub-nose revolvers are still one of their best sellers; it is why even Glock eventually surrendered and, kicking and screaming, came out with the Glock 42 and 43; and it is why other manufacturers have introduced a bevy of "micro-9's". 

       In other words, rather than carrying the biggest and the baddest handgun, focus on what you would realistically carry on a regular basis and be able to effectively operate.

     In a prior post, "Concealed Carry--No Elegant Solution," I described my journey as to selecting a concealed carry weapon, method of carry, and holster. I went through and tried a variety of firearms, including a variety of full-sized semi-autos, a 3-inch .357 Magnum, a .22 semi-auto "mouse gun," and a compact .380, before finally settling on a .38 snub-nose revolver. Since then, I've moved back to a .380 semi-auto, but I still often find myself slipping the .38 snubby into my pocket.

     While I wouldn't completely rule out heavier weapons, I suspect that for the majority of concealed carriers, an unloaded weight of 20 ounces, give or take an ounce or two, would represent the heaviest firearm they would tolerate for daily carry, and the majority would want a firearm with an unloaded weight of 16 ounces or less. For those wanting to carry in a pocket, whether trousers or an inside breast pocket, a weapon of 12 ounces or less (unloaded) would be best. 

    In this regard, the Glock 43 (9x19mm or 9 mm Parabellum) comes in at 16.2 ounces. The Glock 42 (.380 ACP or 9 mm Short) is 12.2 ounces, and would be more carry friendly for most people. Some other popular concealed carry handguns:
This is not intended to be an exhaustive list, but gives you an idea of what is out there from the better known brands.

Monday, July 26, 2021

Inconvenient Truths



IQ by Nation (Source)



A different compilation of National IQ's (Source)

The cultural war is currently focused on what is termed critical race theory (CRT). There is quite a bit of obfuscation of what is CRT and whether it is being taught in K-12. The basic premise of critical race theory, according to the magazine EdWeek, "race is a social construct, and that racism is not merely the product of individual bias or prejudice, but also something embedded in legal systems and policies." According to the article:

A good example is when, in the 1930s, government officials literally drew lines around areas deemed poor financial risks, often explicitly due to the racial composition of inhabitants. Banks subsequently refused to offer mortgages to Black people in those areas.

Of course, such practices have long been illegal. The Fair Housing Act (FHA), as well as a plethora of other anti-discrimination laws, regulations, and whole federal and state bureaucracies exist to prevent such practices. In fact, there is a whole industry of not-for-profit organizations that make their money by constantly trying to find businesses that violate anti-discrimination laws--even tricking them into technical violations--and sue them. Discrimination has become the exception, not the rule.

    But that is where CRT interjects itself. It is not enough, per CRT, to stop acts of discrimination. Rather, the EdWeek article explains, "CRT puts an emphasis on outcomes, not merely on individuals’ own beliefs, and it calls on these outcomes to be examined and rectified." The article also helpfully observes that "Critical race theory emerged out of postmodernist thought, which tends to be skeptical of the idea of universal values, objective knowledge, individual merit, Enlightenment rationalism, and liberalism—tenets that conservatives tend to hold dear." 

    The confusion over whether it is being taught in schools, the article continues, is that critics confuse CRT with "culturally relevant teaching." 

Critical race theory is not a synonym for culturally relevant teaching, which emerged in the 1990s. This teaching approach seeks to affirm students’ ethnic and racial backgrounds and is intellectually rigorous. But it’s related in that one of its aims is to help students identify and critique the causes of social inequality in their own lives.

And by inequality, they mean an unequal outcome (see the discussion on CRT above).  And, per CRT, if there is an unequal outcome, why is that? Because of invisible biases that exist in the system, or in the people. Thus the reason we hear from many intellectuals that whites are inherently racist, inherently oppressors, and blacks are the victims, and that it is not enough to simply not be racist, but that we must be anti-racist: tearing down the supposedly racist systems, beliefs, organizations, etc., that supposedly hold back blacks. 

    The public face of antiracism is Ibram X. Kendi. In a recent NPR piece about Kendi, it related Kendi's dismay on the push back against CRT or culturally relevant teaching, or whatever you want to call it.

"It's been tragic for me to watch," Kendi says. "Because we unfortunately live in a society where there's racial inequity, and our kids are trying to figure out why. They see, you know, let's say darker people who are more likely to be homeless or incarcerated or impoverished, and they're trying to figure out why is that the case? And if we're not actively teaching them it's because of racism, then what are they going to conclude?"

Well, they might conclude that there are other factors at play. Factors which can't be changed by throwing more money at "anti-racist" programs and institutions (and enriching people like Kendi). 

    And it certainly won't help to continue with lies. And that is what Kendi and others are doing--lying. That is the real reason that CRT rejects reason, objective knowledge, and universal truths. And there is a lot of information on why, to quote Kendi, "darker people ... are more likely to be homeless or incarcerated or impoverished."

    Let's start with intelligence. IQ Research has compiled IQ scores from around the world, and even a cursory look at those statistics shows that average or mean IQ's in Sub-Saharan Africa (and certain of the black Caribbean nations) are significantly lower than many other areas of the world, especially Europe and North-East Asia. (Of course, the "mean" or "average" is just that, and doesn't necessarily describe the individual with whom you may be dealing or interacting--in fact, it is dangerous and a mistake to assume that an individual matches the "average" or "mean" for the aggregate as, by definition, 1/2 of the group will be above that number, and 1/2 below).

     What we see are that almost all Sub-Saharan nations have populations where the mean IQ is 70, and a considerable number have mean IQs that 65 or lower. James Thompson discussed last year a comprehensive study into IQ in Nigeria that showed a mean IQ of 70. Turning to an individual country, the United States of America, we see a similar divide, although not quite as dramatic. "When IQ is scaled so that the white mean is 100 and the [standard deviation] is 15, the black mean is about 85 and the black SD slightly less than 15." [1] "Currently, the 1.1 standard deviation difference in average IQ between Blacks and Whites in the United States is not in itself a matter of empirical dispute." [2]

      Under a normal distribution curve, 68% of the population will fall within 1 SD above or below the mean--that is, 34.1% fall within the first SD below the mean. In addition, 13.6% of the population will fall within the second SD below the mean. For American blacks, that means that 34.1% will have an IQ between just over 70 to 85. 13.6% will have an IQ of about 55 to 70.
"So what does it mean to have a score 70 or below? In the past, an IQ score below 70 was considered a benchmark for mental retardation, an intellectual disability characterized by significant cognitive impairments.
Even today, according to the same source, an IQ of 70-79 represents borderline mental disability, while an IQ 55-69 is considered a mild mental disability.

      A common refrain is that IQ is somehow driven by environment. Unfortunately, its appearance seems to be due to "nature" rather than "nurture." For instance, IQ Research claims that the differences in IQ are because of wealth: that is, greater wealth results in a higher IQ. However, the gap in intelligence has persisted for a long time. "This difference was first observed among Army recruits during World War I, and has remained fairly constant." [3] And while I don't want to be diverted into a side discussion on this issue, Michael Levin, in his book cited below, and the paper cited below by Rushton and Jensen, establish that not only do IQ and similar aptitude tests accurately measure cognitive ability, but research shows that IQ differences are inheritable rather than a product of the environment. Steven Pinker has also noted this in his book, The Better Angels of Our Nature. [4] In fact, the failure of many, many government programs, including Head Start, demonstrate that environment is of minimal and only temporary effect.

       Research also shows that low IQ corresponds to several negative social traits. There is a direct correlation between high IQ and altruism and honesty. [5] Intelligent is also positively correlated to self-control (high IQ people generally have greater self-control) [6], crime (low IQ people have a higher propensity to commit crimes) [7], and openness to new ideas [8]. Rushton and Jensen note that blacks exhibit more aggressiveness, impulsivity, and higher self-concept (pride) than whites or east Asians. [9]. They also that blacks report higher rates of sexual intercourse, and more permissive attitudes towards sex, than whites or east Asians. [10] This results in higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases, lower marital stability and lower law abidingness. [11].

      In Richard J. Herrnstein's and Charles Murray's book, The Bell Curve, the authors noted that low IQ correlated with poverty; dropping out of school; unemployment, idleness and injury; higher rates of divorce, lower marriage rates, and increased out-of-wedlock births; increased welfare dependency; low birth rates and poor parenting; less civility or interest in voting; and a higher risk of crime.

     In fact, it is a truism that blacks are involved in violent crime at rates far above that of whites or Asians. In April 2016, I cited to the then recently released "Color of Crime" report by Edwin S. Rubenstein which analyzed crime statistics in the United States based on race. Rubenstein offered a summary of his analysis which included the following points:
  • There are dramatic race differences in crime rates. Asians have the lowest rates, followed by whites, and then Hispanics. Blacks have notably high crime rates. This pattern holds true for virtually all crime categories and for virtually all age groups.
  • In 2013, a black was six times more likely than a non-black to commit murder, and 12 times more likely to murder someone of another race than to be murdered by someone of another race.
  • In 2013, of the approximately 660,000 crimes of interracial violence that involved blacks and whites, blacks were the perpetrators 85 percent of the time. This meant a black person was 27 times more likely to attack a white person than vice versa. A Hispanic was eight times more likely to attack a white person than vice versa.
  • In 2014 in New York City, a black was 31 times more likely than a white to be arrested for murder, and a Hispanic was 12.4 times more likely. For the crime of “shooting” — defined as firing a bullet that hits someone — a black was 98.4 times more likely than a white to be arrested, and a Hispanic was 23.6 times more likely.
  • If New York City were all white, the murder rate would drop by 91 percent, the robbery rate by 81 percent, and the shootings rate by 97 percent.
  • In an all-white Chicago, murder would decline 90 percent, rape by 81 percent, and robbery by 90 percent.
Paul Kersey also took a look at crime in America's largest cities and found the same dichotomy between black violence and that of other races. For instance, he notes in relation to New York City:
Despite being only about 22 percent of the city’s population, the report found blacks comprised a majority—52.4 percent—of murder and non-negligent manslaughter arrests. Hispanics also exceeded their population share, accounting for 35.9 percent of arrests for these crimes. Despite being almost a third of the city’s population, white suspects accounted for less than seven percent of the share. The report noted the arrest population for these offenses “is similarly distributed.”
Similarly, looking at 2015 report from Philadelphia that included information on the race of offenders on "cleared" murder cases for that year, Kersey noted:
From the 133 cases so designated, 105 offenders are identified in the report. Eighty-six (81.9 percent of the total) were black, 18 (17.1 percent) were white, and one (one percent) was Asian. Of this group of 105, ten were of “Hispanic ethnicity.” Given a choice between “black” and “white,” Hispanics are almost always classified as “white,” so possibly all ten of the Hispanic murderers were included in the “white” figure. If that’s the case, whites may comprise only 7.6 percent of identified homicide offenders. 
     Other proxies seem to also track. For instance, "The National Center for Health Statistics said that in 2015, 77.3 percent of non-immigrant black births were illegitimate." The incidence of sexually transmitted diseases is generally much higher among blacks than whites. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports, for instance, that although African Americans only make up 14% of the population in the United States, they account for 45% of the total HIV/AIDS cases (62% of infected women), 55.4% of cases of gonorrhea that were reported, the rate of chlamydia among black women was 5.7 times that of white women, the rate of chlamydia among black men was 7.3 times that of white men, the rate of syphilis for blacks, overall, was 5.4 times that of whites, and the rates of congenital syphilis (i.e., passed from the mother to her child in vitro) was 10.3 times higher than whites.

     Astute observers will note the similarity of many of these traits to that of an r-select population as described in biology and evolutionary psychology. And, in fact, Levin notes in his book:
        Speculation has long focused on the different pressures exerted by the African and Eurasian climates. Survival in the colder climates of Europe and Northern Asia requires technologies unnecessary in Africa: clothing has to be fabricated, fires sustained, food hunted and stored. These constraints favored the ability to plan, in turn entailing ingenuity and low time preferences. Planning is less adaptive in warmer climates where food is easier to get and spoils when stored. (Lynn 1987 speculates that tracking game in snow selected for spatial ability, at which Mongoloids excel.) Hunting also selects more strongly for cooperativeness and reciprocity than does individual gathering and harvesting. 
        Rushton (1988a, 1991d, 1995b) conjecturally organizes this differentiation around two reproductive strategies. Reproductive-rate, or “r,” strategists such as fish produce numerous offspring, few of whom survive. Across species, the r strategy associates with lower intelligence, greater investment in reproduction than in postnatal care, short gestation periods, an accelerated life history,opportunistic feeding, little interindividual cooperation, lax social structure, and boom or bust population cycles. Carrying-capacity, or “K,” strategists, typically large mammals, produce a few offspring in widely spaced litters and care for them long after birth. The K strategy associates with higher intelligence, regular feeding habits, pair-bonding, cooperation, complex social structure, and longevity. Rushton argues that the greater adaptiveness of the r-strategy in Africa made Negroids more r, which would explain the lower mean black levels of intelligence, self-restraint and social organization (as evidenced by failure to form stable political units beyond the tribe, or, in the United States, the gang), and a stronger black reproductive drive as measured by illegitimacy, age of menarche, age of first intercourse, age of first pregnancy, frequency of intercourse, and marital instability. An intriguing phenomenon resistant to environmental explanation emphasized by Rushton is the race difference in litter size: there are 4 pairs of dizygotic twins per 1000 births for Mongoloids, 8 per 1000 for Caucasoids, 16 per 1000 for Negroids. Black infant mortality remains twice that of whites even when social factors are controlled for (Schoendorf et al. 1992).56 An accelerated life cycle is suggested by the greater maturity of black babies when gestation period is controlled for, their greater developmental precocity, and the constancy of the race difference in life expectancy during the twentieth century. [12]
      Even factors that you might think are cultural may very well not be. I would note that a data analysis by OK Cupid of its user data "showed that most men on the site rated black women as less attractive than women of other races and ethnicities." Women also downgraded men that were black or Asian. And an AI algorithm also generally judged white women to be more attractive than darker skinned women. But it is not just a "white thing." Africans find lighter skin to be more attractiveAnd who can forget the kerfuffle in 2011 when Satoshi Kanazawa (who is Japanese) published an article claiming objective proof that black women are less attractive than white or Asian women with a lower score assigned to women that had more masculine features.

    This is not meant as a catalog of reasons to hate or persecute blacks, but to refute the notion that institutional racism is the reason for disparate outcomes for blacks versus whites (or other races).

Notes:
   
[1] Michael Levin, Why Race Matters, p. 34.

[2]  J. Philippe Rushton and Arthur R. Jensen, "Thirty Years of Research on Race Differences in Cognitive Ability, Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 2005, Vol. 11, No. 2, 235–294, at 236 (PDF available here). See also this summary.

[3]  Levin,  p. 34.

[4]  Steven Pinker, The Better Angels of Our Nature, p. 652 ("General intelligence, moreover, is highly heritable, and mostly unaffected by the family environment (though it may be affected by the cultural environment). [Foot note omitted] We know this because measures of g in adults are strongly correlated in identical twins separated at birth and are not at all correlated in adopted siblings who have been raised in the same family.").

[5]  Levin, p. 54

[6]  Pinker, pp. 598 and 601.

[7]  Pinker, p. 601.

[8]  Pinker, p. 643.

[9]  Rushton, p. 265.

[10]  Id.

[11]  Id.

[12]  Levin, p. 135.

Sunday, July 25, 2021

As In The Days Of Noah ...

    In Chapter 24 of Matthew, his disciples asked Jesus essentially two questions: (1) when will the temple be cast down so that no one stone will remain unturned; (2) and what will be the sign of the Lord's coming and the end of the Age? No doubt, the disciples thought that this was one question, while we think of it as two questions, and perhaps it is actually three questions. 

    For instance, verses 9 through 14 traverses the ages from the persecution of the apostles and early Church up through the end ("And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.") (Using the NIV translation). Is "the end" in verse 14 the Second Coming or the judgment at the end of the Millennium? I don't know. Perhaps, in different ways, it is both: that is, the gospel will be preached to all nations (i.e., all peoples or races) in the sense that it will have been proselytized to all nations even if not everyone has heard the Word prior to the Second Coming, but it will have been proselytized to every single person prior to the end of the Millennium.

    But my concern for purposes of this post is in verses 36-39 where Jesus warns that His second coming will be sudden and, to the world at large, unexpected:

36 “But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. 37 As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 38 For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; 39 and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 

The imagery invoked here is a carefree (and wicked) world going about their daily lives--nay, celebrating life--and then the fertilizer hits the fan. (See also 1 Thess. 5:3 - "While people are saying, 'Peace and safety,' destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.").

    He makes a similar allusion earlier in verse 27, "For as lightning that comes from the east is visible even in the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man." I recognize that the primary message here is that when He comes, all will see and know it, but the comparison to lightning again suggests that it will be a sudden event.

    Later in Chapter 34, the Lord also teaches:

42 “Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come. 43 But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what time of night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and would not have let his house be broken into. 44 So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him.

He then goes on to warn of giving up the faith and seeking self-indulgence and sin because He is long in coming. (See Matthew 24:45-51). 

     A similar message shows up in other scripture. For instance, in the Parable of the Ten Virgins, set out in Chapter 25 of Matthew, we are told that the virgins (representing the Church) are waiting for the bridegroom (Christ) but that the bridegroom was a long time coming (nearly 2000 years now) and the virgins became drowsy (complacent). Then there was a sudden cry that the bridegroom was coming, and the five virgins that were prepared went to greet the Lord and the others went to seek oil for their lamps that had gone out and were, for that reason, too late to enter into the wedding banquet. But, curiously, the Lord does not end the parable with an admonition about not keeping sufficient oil (not practicing and keeping the faith; unrepentant) but instead warns: "Therefore keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour."

    In several other passages, we are told that the coming of the Lord will be like the coming of a thief in the night; i.e., unexpected and by surprise. (See Revelation 16:15, Matthew 24:43, 1 Thessalonians 5:2, 1 Thessalonians 5:4, 2 Peter 3:10). And in 2 Peter Chapter 3 we are again warned that the Lord will seemingly be long in his coming:

3 Above all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. 4 They will say, “Where is this ‘coming’ he promised? Ever since our ancestors died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.”

    Notwithstanding the impossibility of known the exact date (and beware of anyone that claims to know the specific date because they are necessarily a liar and false prophet), the Lord has indicated that His people will not be caught completely flat footed.  For instance, in 1 Thess. 5:4, we are told: "But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief." 

    Going back to Matthew 24, the Lord tells his disciples: "32 'Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its twigs get tender and its leaves come out, you know that summer is near. 33 Even so, when you see all these things, you know that it is near, right at the door." Most of the events that he discusses have to do with the siege of Jerusalem and destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. (and which the saints of that time headed and, thereby, were spared). However, there is one sign that we know to be solely focused on his Second Coming: "14 And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come."

    Hasn't that already happened, you may wonder? After all, Christian missionaries have penetrated into almost every region of the world. If it doesn't mean that, what does it mean? 

    Let me approach this from two different perspectives: Christianity generally, and from the perspective of my own Church, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (aka, "Mormons" or "LDS"). First, the general Christian perspective:

    During the First Millennium, the early Church indeed was able to spread quite far throughout the Near, Middle, and even Far East, while penetrating into much of Europe. However, certain parts of Europe, such as Sweden and Finland, didn't become Christian until the 12th and 13th Centuries, and Islam has essentially pushed Christianity from much of Asia.

    Christianity didn't even begin to spread to the New World until the 16th Century, but probably only in the last century did it become available to the near majority of Native American tribes. 

    Africa similarly has only recently been widely proselytized, and I would suggest that much of Islamic Africa has never been proselytized to any real extent. 

    Although we know that Christianity reached India during the First Century, it never established a strong foothold there, and, even after a century or so of British occupation, Christianity was never widespread. South East Asia similarly has long had Christian influences, but it has not made much traction. 

    Japan was first exposed to Christianity in the 16th Century, but because Japan shut off ties to West, Christianity has only been spreading (slowly) since the post-WWII era. Korea's exposure to Christianity really only followed the Korean War, and I think I could accurately state that North Korea has never been proselytized to any great extent.

    Christianity first spread to China in the 6th Century, and there was a substantial missionary movement in the 19th and early 20th Centuries, but given the current hostile stance toward Christianity by the Chinese government, I would not consider China to be fully proselytized. 

    More remote areas like Nepal, Tibet, Mongolia, northern and eastern Siberia, Afghanistan and the other 'stans of Central Asia have all had very little contact with Christianity. 

    Finally, although Oceania has been subject to the attention of missionaries since the 19th Century, proselytizing is an ongoing process.

    In short, I do not believe that the sign of the gospel being taught to all nations has yet occurred, and it will probably take major changes among Chinese and Islamic governments before those areas will be open to proselytizing. I think that Israel will be the last nation proselytized before the Second Coming, and that will most likely be done by the two prophets of Revelation.

    From an LDS perspective, we consider the preaching of the gospel to not just be Christianity generally, but of our own faith specifically. And although the LDS Church is very proactive about missionary work, the spread of the LDS faith is pretty much at the same status as described above as to the spread of Christianity generally. 

    My personal belief is that it will take a major East Asian conflict in which China loses in order to see Christianity make significant inroads into China and, thence, central Asia.

Saturday, July 24, 2021

New Weekend Knowledge Dump ...

 ... from Greg Ellifritz at Active Response Training. Some of the articles:

  • The first article in his list is a collection of information from various trainers about how they handle rainy days when they are teaching at an outdoor range. It includes some tips for any of us when practicing on a rainy day. One tip, in particular, that caught my attention had to do with targets:

Cardboard and paper don’t last long in even a light rain.  It’s always a good idea to have some plastic backers in your kit for these instances.  They are quite a bit more expensive but last a lot longer and are impervious to rain.  The next step is to use spray adhesive to secure the paper targets to the backers rather than staples or clips.  Glue that first one in place and then immediately apply a product like Scotchgard to seal the water out.  It works surprisingly well. 

  • Greg also links to a couple articles about law enforcement use of LRADs (Long Range Acoustic Devices) including protecting yourself from such device.
  • For the AK fans out there, he links to an article by the title "4-Minute AK Fixes" that, as the title implies, as some simple modifications to make your AK better, including what looks to be a really cheap and easy way to mount a flashlight. Check it out.
  • An article on some of the unusual weapons that have shown up in the Syrian civil war, including a bunch of Stg. 44 assault rifles.
  • An article from Buckeye Firearms Association that explains the scientific basis or reasons NOT to give a statement immediately after a shooting. It quotes Lethal Force Institute executive director Dr. Bill Lewinski as explaining:

[A minimum 48-hour wait between the shooting and obtaining a statement] is the general conclusion from some 20 years of scientific research on sleep and memory consolidation. And it is the position supported by the Police Psychological Services Section of the International Assn. of Chiefs of Police, which is comprised primarily of psychologists and other experts on human behavior who are intimately familiar with the law enforcement experience. The Psych Section recommends a two- to three-day delay between the event and the interview.

 And what's good for cops should be good for civilians when it comes to such events. The article goes on to discuss the different physiological and neurological effects and processes at work that warrant a delay in discussing the event including the impact of adrenaline on memory, the importance of sleep for "memory consolidation", the need for emotional decompression, and methods to recover lost memory. Read the whole thing.

  • Information on fractures, bone contusions, and sprains, including how to diagnose a fracture versus a sprain, and some advice on providing first aid or initial treatment.
  • And, on the topic of first aid, Greg also included an article on methods of carrying and staging a tourniquet, with particular reference to CAT and SOF-T tourniquets. 
  • An article on testing and evaluating tactical flash lights and weapon lights, what makes a good tactical light, and recommendations. Of interest are the tests they did on how a 2-second exposure to varying brightness impacted the ability to shoot accurately and to read an eye chart (i.e., distinguish things). The authors don't make a specific recommendation since various factors come into play as to what is right for you. However, they do mention that a good all around light is the Fenix PD35 Tac.
  • An article about how to be a "gray man"--i.e., unassuming, not sticking out--and how the clothes, logos, novelty t-shirts, etc., may give away more information about ourselves than you might realize. In my university days I could pretty accurately guess a person's major (or at least, what was their college or general course of study) based on their clothes. It was almost like certain majors had de facto uniforms.
  • And a link to one of my favorite articles on extreme driving skills, "Dark Arts for Good Guys: Break on Through to the other side." The article is part of a series of "Dark Arts for Good Guys" articles at Matthew Allen's Straightforward in a Crooked World blog. I would recommend that you read and download and/or print all of Allen's "Dark Arts" articles.
  • And a lot more!

Friday, July 23, 2021

Review of the Olight Freyr Flashlight


Continuing my reviews of Olight flashlights I've purchased over the last year and a half or so, the next up is the light that I generally take with me on evening walks. This one is the Freyr tactical light. The light normally sells for $139.95, but at the time of this writing, Olight has a flash sale price of $111.96, which is probably pretty close to what I paid for mine. The light comes in what appears to be an orange color, or in black (which is what I bought). 

    This is a pretty large flashlight for modern LED flashlights, measuring just a tad over 5-1/4 inches long. The housing for the lamp and reflector is also quite broad for modern flashlights, being 1-1/2 inches in diameter. But, although it comes with a pocket clip (which I haven't used), it really isn't designed or intended as a pocket light. Rather, it is a flash light for outdoor use, whether for law enforcement, hunting, hiking, or anyone else that needs a powerful flashlight for outdoor use. 

    So, let's go over the specs. The maximum output of the flash light is a white light of 1,750 lumens with an advertised throw of 360 meters. As I've mentioned in relation to other lights, I found a tree that according to my laser range finder is just over 300 yards away. At night, I was able to easily illuminate that tree with this light on the bright setting, although the beam was not as tight as on my Odin weapon light. But I can tell you from experience that it lights up the neighborhood at the max setting the few times I've used it while walking. It is incredibly bright!

    Of course, being incredibly bright, you can't run it at that brightness for very long because of heat concerns. Although the aluminum body has sort of swirl shaped radiating fins around the base of the housing/bell for the lamp, it will only stay at the brightest setting for a couple of minutes, after which it will drop to 850 lumens for 150 minutes, and thence to 300 lumens for 28 minutes--or so Olight advertises. I haven't run it in the high mode for more than 10 or 15 seconds at a time because I haven't wanted to anger any neighbors. Did I say that it is bright?

    There are two lower white light settings you can select.: a more sedate 300 lumens at which the light can operate for 9.5 hours from a full battery charge according to Olight; and a moonlight setting of 5 lumens on which setting the light can run for 15 days from a full charge. The latter may be of particular interest to someone backpacking or hunting. 

    In addition, the light can be switched to different colors: red (30 lumens, 22 hour run time), green (60 lumens, 14 hour run time), or blue (25 lumen, 12 hour run time). Obviously, the different colors are good for signalling. Red is often used as a means of preserving night vision. And blue is often used to aid in following a blood trail. Finally, there is a strobe setting for the white light. 

    As far as other statistics and features, the light has a sensor on the front that will drop the lumen output from the high setting to a lower setting if you move it too close to an object. The light has an IPX8 water resistance rating, and can supposedly survive a drop from 1.5 meters. So, it is going to be a tough flashlight. 

    It comes with a holster/case that has a magnetically latching cover. The holster has a strap on the back that is MOLLE compatible or can be used as a belt loop. I've attached the holster to a carrier vest with MOLLE loops. There is also a D-ring for hanging the holster off something. Like many other of Olight's products, it uses an induction charging cord that attaches by magnets to the base of the flashlight. 

    And, one feature I found I really liked, is that it comes with a silicone cone that can be fitted over the bell housing and used for directing traffic, signaling, etc. The cone fits into the holster, and then the light can be slipped into the cone, tail first, allowing you to carry both in a compact package. Although the cone is intended for signaling, I've used the cone with the white light to get a "lamp" effect.

    Operation of the light is via two switches: a tail cap switch and a smaller side switch. If the tail cap switch is depressed half-way, it goes to the medium 300 lumen white light; all of the way, and it activates the max white light setting. Like other Olight products, if you quickly depress and release the switch, it will remain on; if you hold the switch momentarily, the light goes off as soon as you release the switch.

    The side switch is used for the other light functions. Pushing and releasing the switch will turn the light on to the last setting used. You can hold the switch down to change between red, blue, green, and moonlight settings. 

    I purchased the light for a couple of reasons. First was to use as a handheld tactical light in or around the home. The light, at least in the high setting, is too bright to use in the house, but is great for investigating noises in the yard. 

    The second reason was for outdoor activities. In fact, the inclusion of the blue light setting was a big selling point if I was hunting and wound up having to track a shot deer after dark. And, as I mentioned above, I like the fact that the light could potentially be used for over a week of constant use without charging. 

    And even though I didn't buy it for this reason, it has been excellent for use when walking at night. It comes with a signal cone attachment, as I mentioned earlier, and I like using the cone in combination with the red light when crossing streets at night because it is so highly visible. 

    So, in short, it is a tough light with a lot of features that should appeal to the outdoors enthusiast, law enforcement officer or security guard, or any other situation calling for signaling options and, if necessary, a high power light. 

They Really Do Hate You: The Left's Double Standard and Virtue Signaling

      Glenn Reynolds likes to point out that with the left, if it weren't for double standards, they'd  have no standards at all. An...